The following report abbreviates the histories of the ten newspaper databases used in the Oceanic Exchanges project, providing information on fourteen instantiations of the data across web interfaces, APIs and text mining drives. This includes a chronology of the development of each, a discussion of its aims and offerings, and a report on its current status and availability. These histories will also include a discussion of the data within the collection, its overall structure and technical detail. The following repositories are discussed:

Database Provider Project Date Version(s) Described Metadata Standard
British Library 19th Century Newspapers British Library; JISC; Gale: A Cengage Company Pilot 2001; Main 2004 September 2013; December 2018 Bespoke XML & GIFT
Chronicling America Library of Congress and Partner Collection Holders 2005 September 2017 METS/ALTO
Delpher National Library of the Netherlands Pilot 1999; Main 2007 November 2018 MPEG21/ALTO
Deutsches Zeitungsportal Deutsche Digital Bibliothek, Germany 2021 November 2021 METS/MOD/ALTO
Europeana Europeana Foundation 2012 September 2018 ENMAP METS/ALTO
Hemeroteca Nacional Digital de México Hemeroteca Nacional Digital de México 2002 October 2018 Bespoke JSON & METS/ALTO
Papers Past National Library of New Zealand 2000 April 2018 METS/ALTO & Bespoke XML
Suomen Kansalliskirjaston digitoidut sanomalehdet National Library of Finland 2001 October 2019 METS/ALTO
Times Digital Archive Gale: A Cengage Company 2002 April 2018 GIFT
Trove National Library of Australia 2007 February 2018 METS/ALTO & Bespoke XML
ZEFYS State Library of Berlin 2009 December 2019 METS/ALTO