Veröffentlichungshäufigkeit; Publicatiefrequentie; Julkaisutiheys; Frecuencia de publicación.
Publication frequency is an important term in understanding nineteenth-century newspapers, as it dictated and worked together with length, content and format to establish the character of the publication; for example, newspapers published in multiple editions per day were intended to be consumed more quickly, while in Australia, paper, ink, compositor or printer shortages meant that some newspapers would have to suspend a planned publication. Different editors could be assigned to different editions and the content could be updated depending on the events of the day. Very few digitised collections, however, include these multiple editions.
Sample showing frequency information in the publisher’s statement (“published three times a week on Tuesday, Thursday, and Saturday”) from Australasian Chronicle, 4 June 1842: 1. Trove.
“In the nineteenth century, there were many frequencies – morning, evening, fortnightly, monthly, quarterly and annual.” [DNCJ, MWT, 234]
“… general weeklies for the middle classes […]; monthlies for men […] and women […]; illustrated titles […]; monthly class papers […], and class weeklies […].” [DNCJ, v-vi]
“In June of 1841 Hume took over the Daily Calcutta Intelligencer and Commercial Advertiser and repositioned it as the Calcutta Star, a daily newspaper…” [Simons, 389]
“Hume announced that he was starting a new weekly newspaper, the Eastern Star, with the first number to be published on January 5, 1840.” [Simons, 389]
“The emphasis on annuals also obscures the significance of monthly periodicals and weekly provincial and metropolitan newspapers in the history of nineteenth-century women“ [Easley 2016a, 707]
“Journalisti-lehden julkaisutiheys on vaihdellut tarkasteluun ottamani ajanjakson.”
“Mr Robinson, editor of the evening edition…“ [Yates, 1.288]
“Frequency is generally used as a qualifier to distinguish titles from the same place and time and is sometimes included as an edition statement (e.g., ‘Weekly ed.’).” [Sagendorf and Moore, 11]
“A newspaper’s frequency is most often found in the publisher’s statement or in the masthead.” [Sagendorf and Moore, 28]
Sample showing frequency information in the masthead (“Published daily—Sundays excepted”) from The Argus, 24 February 1851: 1. Trove.