Veröffentlichungsdatum; Verschijningsperiode; Julkaisupäivä; Intervalo de fechas de publicación.
Globally, the spread of newspapers exploded in the nineteenth century. This also led to many new publications that were short-lived. In the UK, the repeal of stamp duty on newspapers in 1855 saw an increase in the number of provincial newspapers, many of which would quickly fold. In the 1880s, New Journalism and the mass-market approach led to a further explosion of new publications. In Mexico, many newspapers sprang up during the Mexican War of Independence to spread propaganda or gain support but were usually quickly quashed. Most digital collections have aimed to digitise complete runs: for example, Trove evaluates recommendations for titles, and then aims for a complete run. Delpher prefers to digitise newspaper titles in a complete run, but sometimes have had to exclude issues because of copyright. Additionally, particularly with seventeenth- or eighteenth-century newspapers, they digitise only part of the run because they focus on the periods when the newspaper is most fashionable, most read, and most interesting from a historical point of view. As such, the date range recorded refers to only the selection present in the collection.
“Between 1856 and 1914 the number of newspapers published in Britain and Ireland increased more than eightfold, from 274 to 2,205, with London numbers tripling from 151 to 478.” [Williams, 99]
“Between 1855 and 1861, 137 newspapers were established in 123 English towns where previously there had been no local newspaper. In 1861, one writer estimated that the number of newspapers in England had doubled from 562 to 1,102, although it was acknowledged that many of these titles were short lived. This expansion continued into the twentieth century: in 1856 there were thirty daily and evening London and provincial newspapers in England, but in 1900, there were 203 and in 1914, 153. The total number of national, London, and provincial morning and evening papers rose from 197 in 1920 to 202 in 1922, dropping to 164 in 1931 and down to 126 in 1944.” [O’Malley, 592-93]
“Aineistoa kerättäessä huomioitiin sekä Integrumissa mainittu ilmestymispäivä (lehden painettu versio) että internet-version julkaisupäivä“
“I have little doubt now, on thinking over the matter, that Mr. Ingram had fully made up his mind to discontinue the issue of the paper…” [Yates, 1.324]
“On a sabbatical year in the United Kingdom from 1965 to 1966, he immersed himself in the journalism of the 1860s but was frustrated by the difficulties of ascertaining the location of copies, the lengths of runs, as well as changes in title, editorial staff, contributors, and affiliations of these little-known publications.” [Shattock 2017a, 3-4]
“Entire runs of newspapers have disappeared, and although we know something of Clemens’s early experience and the books he read, no record of his newspaper reading exists.” [Branch, 600]